Wednesday, January 28, 2015

20 Pictures Of China's Horrible Environment. We need to Change How We Look at Being Green.

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These are some staggering pictures of the effects of pollution on the environment in China. You can check out all of them here... but you'll see a lot of them as you scroll through. 

A boy swimming through algal bloom... 


Blue sky hasn't been seen for a while in Hong Kong. This was set up for tourists.


A child drinks from a polluted stream in Fuyuan Country. Hopefully... he's still alive.

It seems horrible...


How could they allow this pollution to occur? 
In the name of growth... why are they compromising the health and safety of millions of people... 
not to mention hectares of their once pristine country...

Well, they're actually starting to learn their lessons. Time wrote a brilliant article about it. I can't show you that article, as it's in their subscription based magazine, but this Forbes article is nearly as good

The sheer environmental damage they've done has been so substantial, they've resulted in that much loss to their productivity and growth, it's FORCING them to make more environmentally sound policies. 

But when action only occurs when there are economic results... that's not promising for the environment is it... 
I mean how many times have we seen economic growth prioritized above environmental wellbeing?
But this happens all over the world.
Right now, most nations deem environmentally conscionable, sound policy too costly to implement. And as the developing world develops, they're gonna pollute more and more. 126% more than OECD countries by 2040, in fact. Note that that stat was based off figures in 2009... since then, China alone has INCREASED its use of natural resources almost 2 fold.

But they're starving... And developed nations, though they're becoming more and more environmentally responsible, year by year, are still often reluctant to establish greener practices. Australia, my country, is a prime example of that, unfortunately... 

So how do we best get them to comply with international recommendations to combat key environmental issues, such as global warming, when all there is to be seen are losses by doing it?
We learn from China.  

There's this phenomenon described as the Kuznets Curve. The idea that developing nations income per capita will increase in parallel with economic degredation, until such a point, that they can afford to think about environmental protection

China's skewed this curve entirely. In fact, they've broken it. They've damaged their environment so much they've HAD to become greener in order to maintain their growth, because the damage was harming it that much. 

So it becomes clear. The best way of forcing nations to prioritise environmental protection is to Put a Dollar Figure On NOT doing it. (I wrote this a while ago on this idea - it's pretty interesting). 

The first paper thinking this way, putting a dollar figure on protecting the environment, was published nearly 20 years ago now, and it valued the world's ecosystems at 16-54 TRILLION dollars. 

Therefore protecting them is worth our while... it's a valuable investment, right?

Well yeah, it is... but this investment pays off in the long term. Billions invested today, would save billions in the future. But you lose billions now. You also lose votes too...

But if we outlined the cost benefits to environmental policies/recommendations that had them... we'd get so many more nations more likely to wanna take action. 

We need to learn from Bridgestone Tyres.



The marketing campaign used to sell their Energy Saving tires is completely based on the amount of fuel, and hence money, people save. Hell, you'd be stupid not to invest an extra $50 now to save $100 a year on fuel this way, right? 

If we changed the way we sold environmentally friendly electric/hybrid cars, from marketing them as the "green option" - the only car anyone who gave a crap would drive (resulting in the hipster effect. Most people who drive them turn their nose up to those who don't, while those who don't think those who do, are douchebags), if we focused more on the amount saved on fuel per year ($1000 a year at least) over a 10 year or whatever-the-average-car-ownership-time-is (we use mid 2014 data for the fuel value, of course to get our message across) - that's a HUGE amount that can be added on to the value of the car. 
ALONG with it being the greener option.


Why reduce greenhouse emissions and build more sustainably? Well doing that won't only reduce the undeniable rate of climate change that's visible RIGHT IN FRONT OF OUR EYES, it'll also save BILLIONS of dollars on healthcare. The UK, a group of DEVELOPED countries, had 29,000 people die in 2013 DIRECTLY to air pollution. The picture below isn't a nuclear fallout by the way... it's people walking through Beijing city.

Beijing City, where air pollution is 40x safe level. Delhi is worse.

Why go vegetarian for 1 day a week or eat fish more? Not only will it reduce your carbon footprint, but it'll also give your poor guts a break. It's not just a sacrifice for the environment... it's one for your health too.


There's no fish left here... 

We need to think better about how we get people to change their habits. We need to realise the benefits of becoming greener more. We need to stop reporting, and ranting and raging on about it, and THINK more about HOW we can get it done... Before there's nothing left to report.

A journalist taking a sample of hugely polluted Jianhe River.

I gave more examples of how we can do this, and talked about this in more detail, with considerations of the recommendations of the Climate Change Panel here - http://nikhilthegrizzlybear.blogspot.com.au/2014/04/global-warming-we-finally-know-how-to.html - check it out.







Sunday, January 11, 2015

Pain and Suicide.

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 Anyone who's ever had a cramp knows that whenever you have one, you think of nothing else but "When will this end??"
Well, I've been getting them for the last 8months now. They've been happening every day, everywhere and they happen for no reason we can find out whatsoever. 


Sometimes they go on for hours. Usually, I can't even stretch or walk them out; they happen in my abs, which I just have to bear as there's no way I could stretch them, or on opposing muscles simultaneously... Stretching one side's cramps out makes the other side's worse. Often, they happen while I'm sleeping... Every second night, I wake up, screaming, writhing in pain until I can untangle myself from my blanket and bear it out. 

Sometimes I wake up my family with those screams.

Nothing has helped. My doctors don't have a clue. I've tried literally everything. Electrolytes - I drink them every day, every night. Regular stretching, cutting out certain spices/vitamins, every medication; alternative and proven, exercise (I was going through them while I trained up for and did my 200km bikeride too - the feeling of having a calf muscle cramp-up while you're riding down a hill at over 70km/h is terrifying beyond anything you can ever experience).... but NOTHING WORKS!

I can't even begin to express how bad these last few months in particular have been!


Every minute of every day I know they're coming... Every time I even move my foot in bed, or reach for the remote, or get up from a chair, I dread the writhing hot, burning pain that is bound to ignite.





But the last 3 or 4 days... it's gotten even worse. 


I'm writing this now at 5a.m. I tried going to bed at 11:30 last night, before the cramping started. I've managed to get into 1 cycle of deep sleep, but woke up from that mid-way.

I was barely able to open my eyes as I stumbled around the house, slamming the walls with my hands, trying to stretch out my burning fingers that are curling up like a dying spider against my will.

That was an hour ago and after slumping back wearily into bed after my hands and quads finally stopped spasming, I've woken up again twice, only to have my abs, and then my calves and shoulders start burning up. 


I'm typing this out 1 key at a time, massaging hands that are aching, threatening to start spasming again...

This FUCKING. SUCKS!

EVERYTHING I DO, I DO FEARING WHAT MAY COME...

I may seem like I'm in control and happy all the time. though I don't let it affect my overall outlook and still can, and do, smile, and enjoy everything I can, EVERY. DAY is a struggle. 

There have been a few times, over the last year or two in particular, where I've wondered... "why do I even bother? I mean, it'd be so much easier if I... slipped away..."


When you've been living for as long as I have not being able to remember the last day you weren't in pain, able to count the last good sleeps you've had in the last year on your fingers; wondering, and in awe, at the energy everyone else seems to have, at age 21, you can't help but wonder those things every now and again... 



This is the life of someone with a chronic illness... or someone who lives with chronic fatigue.


But though I've wondered and thought about it; at one point, when I was hallucinating (due to a near-fatal toxicity from a drug), in so much pain and out of control I even screamed at my nurses and my own mother to euthanize me... I've always, during those rough patches, remembered these few things.

First - that pain, which I've been forced to go through so much of over the last few years - it's temporary. 

Though it sucks... it's finite and has an end. What usually hurts us more than any neurological response of the firing of some nocioceptors is the emotional toll that fear of that pain puts on us. In the end... when you take a step back and think about it, how it affects us is something that WE control. So why should I let it hurt me more than it should? (how I do that, and how you can if you feel the same way - I talk about here).

Second - I remember the words of my doctor. When I asked him about what he thought of euthanasia (it wasn't prompted by an ideation of mine, I was just interested on his opinion one consultation), he told me "I've had a few patients who've come in asking if they could end it. But most, in a few weeks, come back shocked that they could even think such a thing."
Pain is horrible. Something that bad, it's only natural that it can affect our judgement. But pain, especially that associated with treatment, or recovery, it does end... and once you're free from it - life becomes a much brighter, nicer place.

But when it's chronic pain, something that seems to, or may well go on forever... when you feel like there's no end to this, that this pain will keep coming back, over and over (as it may well do for my cramps); that can be even more disheartening than even the horrible trauma that chemos, pleural biopsies or the worst pain imaginable may bring on.

But in the end... if you, now, in the future, or anyone you know is going through that... remember this third thing.

That though it does suck while it goes on, and though it may impair, or affect us, there are still so many good things worth living for. And that there are still so many things we can still do, despite it.

This is how I get by, and somehow, often manage to be happy despite all the crap that I have to go through. Unfortunately, I'm not an extraordinary case... many people go through the same, or similar, or worse hurdles... every day of their life.
It helps when you have great friends, a great family, great people to talk to who give you someone to talk to, an understanding nod when you need it, or something to laugh about during those.
Many don't have that. If you're one of them, I'm happy to talk about it (contacts below), if you think a friend or family member, or even stranger is going through that - be there for them or feel free to pass them on to me.




But sometimes... The whole world seems bleak; you struggle to do even the most menial tasks, you've been sad for so long that you forget what it feels like to be happy... and even the things you love fail to bring joy to you anymore.

You don't need to be in physical pain for that to happen. Anything can bring it on; loss, bullying; in fact, for many, nothing does... it's like it's your natural state... and the self-loathing we feel when we think we're worthless because of that... that can push us further into that sad, blue pit.

Depression... that's a whole other pain of its own. It's no coincidence that major depressive disorder is present in at least half of all people who commit suicide. Probably more. I've been through depression myself... and it's not always for the reasons you'd think are "obvious" in my case too... 
I'll be writing a big one on that topic soon... but in the meantime... if you're struggling to cope... if you're struggling to find reason... I want you to watch this.





And read these:



Contact me: 

Here on the blog 
Email: nikhilthegrizzlybear@gmail.com
Facebook: www.facebook.com/musingsofamedstudentpatient

Wednesday, January 7, 2015

Bill Gates' Idea to Combat the Sanitation and Clean Water Problem In Urban Communities. Mine to Get Them To Rural Communities Too.

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Recently, Bill Gates announced an idea that the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has been working on for a while. One that may just solve the global issue of lacking urban sanitation infrastructure.

The "Omniprocessor", a working prototype of which is shown in the video below, takes sewerage in one end, funnels it through a processor, boils it and then uses the dried out sewerage sludge as fuel to keep it boiling. The water vapour created from the sludge is used to power a turbine, which generates electricity, and then funneled through filters which produce clean drinking water. 
The electricity can be used to power homes and entire regions surrounding the plant. The waste is collected as bacteria and pathogen free ash, which can, with proper knowledge, be used as fertilizer.  It's as close to a waste free, efficient generator as you can get!



Bill Gates' great explanation of how the processor works. 


The idea in itself is genius. 40% of the world's population to this day STILL openly defecate, or else have little or no access to proper sanitation! That's over 3 BILLION people! This processor can convert 14 tons of sewerage into drinking water and electricity every day, processing the waste of 100,000 people in one plant!

But what's truly genius about this is the way it's being sold. 

Bill Gates understands that this invention can really combat the issues of sanitation, access to clean water and electrcitiy. But he understands that the impact this can have beyond just the people who use, and are supplied with energy and water from the plant, because this will, for the first time, convert sewerage and the issue of sanitation from being assocaited with a cost, to a profit. 

And to get this out there, he intends to allow entrepreneurs to buy into this system and make it for profit. 

This is the quickest way of getting it out there. Even if, say, the Bill and Melinda Gates were to invest $3 billion (a huge amount for the foundation - it's the total amount it gave away in grants in 2013) into this system, only 2,000 plants, or 200million people will get access to clean water. That's less than 5% of the 2.5billion urban poor who lack access to proper sewerage facilities. 

Once working models get up and out there, and profit margins can be established from this (the next step after the development of the prototype in the video above), this model will take off quicker than any other! Indeed, a for-profit model has been shown to be more effective, and more likely to spread quicker than aid or government interventions, as you'll see in the video below. It also frees up more money for the Gates Foundation to spend on other projects. 

Business models for the world's poorest, and an interesting idea; micro-franchising, which I'll talk about below

Now, a for profit model is more efficient and more likely to be more expansive than any other. I wrote about this in a little detail here, and talked about the concept in a post on how we profit by giving to charity here. But I'll look into and post up great investments you can do to invest in people's wellbeing and profiting from it soon on this blog! If we can make charity and human development something to profit from... and if we can make it clear to large corporations and businesses that the poor aren't just a burden, a people to exploit, but rather a potential market, there'll be NO stopping human development! I have some big ideas to combat that problem too... and posts, and videos, and partnerships on that will come soon. I may even be looking into getting a Bill and Melinda Gates grant to make that dream a reality... 

But despite all this goodness, this Omniprocessor isn't a fully completed product. And it won't solve everything. 

We Need To Ensure Everyone Benefits


The plant itself is designed for urban environments. Rural regions have similar issues with sanitation, and even more severe issues with getting access to clean drinking water than urban areas do in many cases. This processor needs to be downscalable if it wants to help those communities. But there are already some interesting ways rural communities can get access to clean drinking water, electricity and basic sanitation. Here they are, with my suggestions to improve them, and get them out there. 

Getting Everyone Access to  Electricity

Small-Hydro is a centre of innovation which focuses on getting rural communities access to electricity through, would you know it, small-scale hydroelectric plants. Where there's running water, with the assistance of engineers to set these up, you can get communities access to electricity, which can, for the first time, give them access to refrigeration, lighting at night and connect them to the outside world, which can potentially improve an entire communities' living standards. In fact, my father was, while we lived in Fiji, part of the energy department, and worked with Australian Aid engineers in developing and delivering small hydroelectric facilities to tribes of Fijians. What's amazing is that those Australian engineers used that experience to help develop the Snowy Mountain Hydroelectric Scheme, which, to this day, provides 10% of Australia's largest province's energy, free of charge, proving that aid can benefit the behestor as well as the benefactor.

Getting Everyone Clean Water

Safe drinking water, another feature this omniprocessor is promising to deliver, is also being combated in many unique, innovative ways that can help people in big and small communities. Here are 6 pretty cool, small scale ideas that are promising enough, and have the capability to get millions of people access to safe drinking water. What these lack though is a way to get them to as many people as possible. If just one of these ideas could be implemented, and made to become for profit, or else, made to work as a social enterprise (a business which exists and profits ONLY to benefit people, rather than its owners hip pockets - I'll be doing a blog post on them soon), they could spread beyond imagining, quicker than any aid or charity intervention could. 
Pollinate Energy, a social enterprise concerned with getting homes and families in slums access to solar powered lights, providing safer lighting and heating for those living in them, has a unique business model which is very promising and could definitely be applied to one of those 6 ideas above! They employ "pollinators", people FROM the community, to go in and sell those solar lights straight to people who could benefit from them. Because these pollinators know the people and the culture from the inside out, they are more effective at selling those lights and conveying their importance (they are not only safer, they also save slum dwellers on costs of buying kerosine everyday) than any stand or stall could ever be. They collect the payments for these lights through microloans - lay-by style payments, and they've been so effective from start-up, they're thinking of expanding to other cities now! And you can help out! Buy a very handy, solar powered light from them, and you're helping them expand and make their impact even larger than it is already

The impact pollinate energy has made has been HUGE!

Their impact is huge - but their model is very replicable. Imagine if one of those water filtration systems were to have such a model, with possibly a microfranchise established around them (talked about in the second video, a Ted Talk above) set up! They'd make BILLIONS while also helping the poor and solving the problem of clean water for millions in the process! 

And that idea can be applied to other issues too...
  
But in the meantime, as I, or some genius starts up such a process, you can help too, in your own, ordinary life, by purchasing products from social enterprises such as ThankYou Australia. Everytime you're getting bottled water, buy a bottle of water from their brand (they're in most major retailers) and each product gets people access to clean water! I mean, if you're getting water, or hand-soap, or muesli bars (the hand-soap is so good for your skin - I can attest, my scarred and delicate skin has actually benefited from it, and the muesli bars are tasty and healthy), and you enjoy their products, why wouldn't you get it from their brand which goes on to help others over one that goes on to profit some already rich guy? 

I'll be talking about social enterprises in more detail on another blog post soon, by the way, look out for that too!

Getting Everyone Access to Sanitation:

HealthHabitat is an example of a charity which is trying to combat sanitation too, albeit, in a different manner to Bill Gates. Their goal is to improve households, which leads to improved living standards and outcomes for the world's poorest. They design and develop sanitation interventions for entire communities, improving toilet facilities and the like as one of their primary goals. And the way they deliver their services is very effective (which is extremely important, I talk about why here); often using what communities have much to offer - labour - and supplying them with what they don't have - designs, special equipment and expertise to get projects done. 
In one of their projects, in Nepal, they designed a unique housing system, which incorporated sanitation as one of its primary goals. Their toilets, however, had a special feature - they added special biological agents which converted sewerage into usable natural gas, which could give villagers a safe new fuel. Now at first there was some opposition, and fear of using such foul-sourced fuel. Villagers not only didn't know how to use the fuel, the fact that it came from, well, to put it bluntly, their shit, made them less inclined to wanna use it. Luckily though, the charity always consults and involves communities in holds their opinions on their projects in high regard, an important, simple idea that not enough charities do (I'll write about how important community involvement in ensuring our efforts to help others goes is). Because they took them into account, that opposition to bio-gas was soon dissolved and many Nepalese villagers now benefit from the cheaper, cleaner fuel. But that last factor brings up the other major issue with Bill Gate's Omniprocessor idea.

Community Opposition To Drinking Waste Water

Now you could write a whole paper on this topic and how to get around it. Many have. 
But this is probably gonna be one of the biggest, most controversial issues, responsible for most opposition to getting people drinking water from Bill Gate's and Janicki's Omniprocessor  Gate's  idea out there. 

Community engagement, and community education, unique, and personalised to different communities and cultures around the word, will have to be included in Bill Gate's thoughts on how to get this invention out there, helping as many people as possible.

A lot more thinking will have to occur to get this out there. But I'm sure Bill Gates is on-top of it. Tell him your ideas to get through this - and I'm sure he'll be interested too. 

And feel free to let me know your ideas too. Write on this blog - on the blog's Facebook page or email me at nikhilthegrizzlybear@gmail.com - I'd love to hear from you. In the meantime - enjoy your day!